The 10 Tallest Buildings in Europe

November 6, 2023

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Moscow is home to many of Europe's tallest buildings

Many cities around the world, such as New York and Dubai, are renowned for the skyscrapers that dominate their skyline. However, Europe’s cities remain largely low-rise. Not many European skyscrapers exceed 300 meters (984 ft). By comparison, Asia has many buildings that exceed 600 meters (1,969 ft), while the US has eight that are over 400 meters (1,312 ft) tall.

Most of Europe’s tallest buildings are found in Moscow, Russia, one of the continent’s largest cities. Of Europe’s ten tallest buildings, six are found in Moscow, and a seventh is in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Continue reading to find out more about the ten tallest buildings in Europe. We’ll look at their special features, how much they cost to build, and much more!

1. Lakhta Center

The Lakhta Center, the tallest building in Europe
The Lakhta Center in the final stages of construction
Height: 462 m | 1,516 ft
Location: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Floors: 87
Completed: 2019

Europe’s tallest building is the Lakhta Center in Saint Petersburg, Russia. This giant skyscraper has an incredible 87 floors, which feature offices, a conference center and a sports center. It also features a children’s science center and a 357-meter (1,171 ft) tall observation deck.

Glass on the higher floors is heated to prevent ice from forming. This ensures good visibility throughout the year and allows visitors to fully appreciate the Saint Petersburg skyline. The tower is also built with various energy-saving technology. For example, any excess heat from the building’s technical equipment is used to heat the building. An ice storage system that forms ice at night is also used for the air conditioning during the day.

2. Federation Tower

Federation Towers and Mercury City Tower
Looking up at Federation Towers and Mercury City Tower on a misty night.
Height: 374 m | 1,226 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 93
Completed: 2017

Coming in second place is the Federation Tower, which consists of two skyscrapers: Tower East and Tower West. It’s Tower East that holds the title of Europe’s second-tallest tower, with a height of 374 meters (1,226 ft).

Although construction began in 2005, the skyscraper wasn’t completed until 2017 due to financial issues. The two skyscraper complex is connected via three alleyways and a driveway. The towers have office space, residential apartments, and entertainment and sports areas.

The skyscraper was originally meant to feature a spire that would take the overall height to 450 meters (1,476 ft). However, the spire was dismantled before the building was completed.

3. OKO

Looking up at the OKO Tower
Glass walls of OKO Tower of Moscow International Business Center
Editorial image credit: Konstantin Aksenov/iStock
Height: 354 m | 1,162 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 90
Completed: 2015

The OKO South Tower is yet another giant skyscraper in Moscow. This skyscraper measures 354 meters (1,162 ft) tall, while the second OKO tower (North Tower) measures 245 meters (804 ft). The South Tower serves as a residential building and a hotel. It also has an ice skating rink on the roof, which is the highest skate rink in Europe and the world.

This complex was built at an estimated cost of US$1-1.2 billion. Construction began in 2011 and finished in 2015 for both the North and South towers. In 2016, the Government of Moscow bought 55,000 m² of space from one of the towers for an estimated 14.3 billion rubles ($148 million).

The building’s name is a shortened version of Ob”yedinonnyye Kristallom Osnovaniya, which roughly translates to United Crystal Foundations. Oko is also Russian for ‘eye’.

4. Neva Towers

The Neva Towers in Moscow, Russia
The Neva Towers, Moscow
Editorial image credit: ViktorSarafinchan/Shutterstock
Height: 345 m | 1,132 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 65
Completed: 2020

The Neva Towers is a two-tower complex in Moscow, Russia. Tower 2 is the tallest residential building in Europe and the fourth-tallest skyscraper on the continent.

Tower 2 measures 345 meters (1,132 ft) tall and has 79 floors, while Tower 1 measures 302 meters (991 ft) and has 65 floors. If we were to class Tower 1 as a separate structure then it’s height would make it the ninth tallest skyscraper in Europe.

The complex was built for an estimated cost of $1 billion and was constructed from 2013 until 2020. The complex have a fitness center, hotel and swimming pool in Tower 2. It also has a car park with a capacity for 2,040 cars, which both workers and residents use.

The complex was built on a site originally intended for the Russia Tower. It was planned to be 612 meters (2,008 ft) tall, which would have made it the tallest building in Europe and one of the tallest in the world. However, the plans were scrapped following the 2008 financial crisis.

5. Mercury City Tower

Mercury City Tower in Moscow
Mercury City Tower (right) partially obscured by fog
Height: 339 m | 1,112 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 75
Completed: 2013

Although now only ranked Europe’s fifth-tallest building, the Mercury City Tower was once the tallest building in Russia and Europe. Construction began in 2006 and was completed in 2013. Once it reached 339 m (1,112 ft) in 2012, the tower became the world’s tallest building made from reinforced concrete.

The tower remains the tallest copper-clad building in the world. Its distinct copper-colored cladding makes the Mercury City Tower stand out amongst nearby buildings and skyscrapers. The building was designed with various environmentally friendly elements. It’s designed to collect melting snow and features a smart system that automatically regulates energy use and hot water distribution throughout the building.

Mercury City Tower has won multiple International Property Awards (IPA), which is one of the most prestigious real estate and architecture awards. The awards include Best Real Estate in the World, Best International Office Project in Europe, and Best Multifunctional Complex in Europe.

6. Varso Tower

Varso Tower in Warsaw, Poland
Varso Tower in the business district of Warsaw
Height: 310 m | 1,017 ft
Location: Warsaw, Poland
Floors: 53
Completed: 2022

Next on the list is a Polish skyscraper in Warsaw, the tallest building in the EU. The Varso Tower stands 310 meters (1,017 ft) tall and has 53 floors. Its name comes from the Latin name for Warsaw: Varsovia. The skyscraper has a public observation deck on the roof, as well as a bar and restaurant on the 46th, 47th and 48th floors. The main lobby is 14 meters (46 ft) high.

Varso Place is a complex consisting of three buildings: the main tower and two buildings with a height of 81 and 90 m (266 and 295 ft). The three buildings are connected to one another and the Warsaw Central Station. A four-story underground car park has the capacity for around 1,000 vehicles.

The tower’s roof height is 236 m (774 ft), but a spire brings the total height to 310 meters (1,017 ft).

7. The Shard

The Shard in London, UK
The Shard at sunset
Height: 310 m | 1,016 ft
Location: London, United Kingdom
Floors: 73
Completed: 2012

Europe’s seventh-tallest building is The Shard, in London, UK. Construction on the 310 m (1,016 ft) tall building began in 2009 and was completed in 2012. The contract cost was approximately £435,023,452. The building was designed to resemble a shard of glass, which is where its current name comes from (the original name was London Bridge Tower). Approximately 11,000 panes of glass cover the building.

The building has 73 floors, which are served by 36 elevators (some of which are double-decked. These elevators travel at a speed of six meters per second. There are three restaurants in the building, along with 10 residential apartments and the five-star Shangri-La The Shard London hotel. It also has the UK’s highest viewing gallery, The View from The Shard, which is located between the 68th and 72nd floors. In its first opening year, The View attracted 900,000 visitors and generated £5 million ($6.3 million).

Thanks to its distinct structure and location on the London skyline, The Shard has featured in various movies and television shows such as Spider-Man: Far From Home, Paddington 2 and BBC’s Doctor Who.

8. Eurasia

Eurasia Tower, one of a number of skyscrapers in Moscow
Eurasia Tower (second skyscraper from the left), also known as Steel Peak
Height: 309 m | 1,013 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 72
Completed: 2015

Moscow claims its fifth spot on the list with Eurasia, Europe’s eighth-tallest building. The skyscraper measures 309 m (1,013 ft) and has 72 floors. Construction of this giant began in 2006 but wasn’t completed until the end of 2014.

The skyscraper has 50 floors of office space and 20 floors of luxury apartments. It also features a 149-room hotel, boutiques, restaurants and bars. There is also a casino, fitness center and swimming pool.

Eurasia is part of a cluster of high-rise buildings in Moscow, including the Federation Tower and the OKO complex.

9. Capital City Moscow Tower

Capital City Moscow Towers
Capital City skyscrapers (two buildings on the left)
Height: 302 m | 991 ft
Location: Moscow, Russia
Floors: 76
Completed: 2020

Capital City Moscow Tower is part of a complex of two skyscrapers and an office building. The other skyscraper, Saint Petersburg Tower, is 257 meters (842.8 ft) tall. Moscow Tower measures 302 meters (991 ft) and has 65 floors. The complex cost an estimated 73.641 billion rubles ($1 billion) to build. Upon completion in 2009, Moscow Tower was Europe’s tallest building.

The top four levels serve as residences called Beleveue, Sky, Star, and Galaxy. Apartments are found on floors 18-72. The complex also features office space, retail and restaurants. There is also a fitness center and a six-level basement with enough parking space for over 2,200 vehicles.

10. Skyland Istanbul

Skyland Istanbul
Skyland Istanbul, next to the Rams Park Stadium
Editorial image credit: Maykova Galina/Shutterstock
Height: 284 m | 932 ft
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Floors: 65
Completed: 2017

Coming in tenth place is Skyland Istanbul in Turkey. This is a complex comprising of three skyscrapers: Skyland Residence Tower, Skyland Office Tower and Skyland Hotel Tower. Skyland Residence and Skyland Office Tower are the tallest at 284 meters (932 ft), while Skyland Hotel Tower measures 180 meters (591 ft).

Construction of the complex began in 2012 and was completed in 2017. Across the three towers, there are 830 residences, 504 office spaces and a 550-seat capacity conference hall. The complex also houses a five-star international hotel with 300 rooms. The apartments feature smart technology that controls the heating, lighting and cooling in each room.

Europe’s Tallest buildings

RankBuildingLocationHeight (m)Heigh (ft)
1Lakhta CenterSaint Petersburg, Russia462
2Federation TowerMoscow, Russia374
3OKO (South Tower)Moscow, Russia354
4Neva TowersMoscow, Russia345
5Mercury City TowerMoscow, Russia339
6Varso TowerWarsaw, Poland310
7The ShardLondon, UK310
8EurasiaMoscow, Russia309
9Capital City Moscow TowerMoscow, Russia302
10Skyland IstanbulIstanbul, Turkey284
World Meters