Life expectancy at birth (years)

Life expectancy at birth is the age at which a newborn infant can expect to live if the death rate stays at the current rate throughout his or her life.

Life exptancy is one of the most important indicators of a nation's health and social development. It can be used to highlight differences between developed or developing countries or to analyse inequalities within different population groups within a specific country.

The graph below shows that the world life expectancy has continually risen since 1960, increasing from 53.2 years to 64 years in 2020. This increase can be attributed to improvements in medical practices and health care, better standards of living and reduced child mortality. 

World Life Expectancy at Birth

Data Sources: The World Bank, SP.DYN.LE00.IN, CC-BY-4.0 

 

The below table lists the life expectancy for world countries, territories and economical regions and demographics. 

 

All Countries and Economies

Country Life Expectancy Male Life Expectancy Female Life Expectancy
India 72.03 70.52 73.65
China 78.79 76.18 81.51
United States of America 79.74 77.27 82.23
Indonesia 71.10 68.96 73.27
Pakistan 67.34 65.08 69.74
Nigeria 53.87 53.50 54.24
Brazil 76.18 73.07 79.26
Bangladesh 73.98 71.78 76.31
Russian Federation 74.57 69.52 79.29
Mexico 75.04 71.76 78.36
Ethiopia 66.65 63.73 69.75
Japan 84.95 81.91 87.97
Philippines 72.30 70.30 74.32
Egypt 70.81 68.48 73.22
Congo 60.63 58.54 62.78
Viet Nam 74.74 70.12 79.42
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 76.97 74.28 79.84
Türkiye 78.68 75.62 81.67
Germany 82.18 79.90 84.44
Thailand 79.91 75.75 84.08
United Kingdom 82.31 80.61 83.97
United Republic of Tanzania 67.60 65.46 69.80
France 83.35 80.50 86.08
South Africa 62.89 59.85 65.69
Italy 84.20 82.15 86.13
Kenya 63.34 60.95 65.83
Myanmar 67.46 64.38 70.69
Colombia 77.51 74.61 80.40
Republic of Korea 84.14 80.83 87.23
Uganda 63.84 61.67 65.92
Sudan 66.10 63.57 68.70
Spain 84.05 81.35 86.68
Argentina 77.98 74.62 81.26
Algeria 77.33 76.05 78.67
Iraq 72.05 69.92 74.03
Afghanistan 64.23 61.20 67.44
Poland 78.60 74.88 82.26
Canada 83.02 81.07 84.94
Morocco 75.20 73.11 77.41
Saudi Arabia 78.10 76.87 79.73
Ukraine 73.02 67.74 78.08
Angola 63.24 60.72 65.77
Uzbekistan 71.78 69.12 74.43
Yemen 64.52 61.23 68.08
Peru 76.96 74.69 79.26
Malaysia 76.42 74.11 78.96
Ghana 64.53 62.37 66.72
Mozambique 62.37 59.48 65.15
Nepal 70.78 68.87 72.68
Madagascar 66.43 64.13 68.84
Ivory Coast 60.11 58.86 61.46
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 72.89 68.76 77.25
Cameroon 61.92 60.39 63.47
Niger 62.93 61.65 64.25
Australia 83.73 81.89 85.56
Dem. People's Republic of Korea 73.71 71.10 76.30
China, Taiwan Province of China 81.47 78.36 84.68
Mali 60.03 58.70 61.41
Burkina Faso 60.57 58.67 62.39
Syrian Arab Republic 72.45 68.82 76.27
Sri Lanka 76.80 73.06 80.39
Malawi 63.67 60.24 67.15
Zambia 62.96 60.19 65.66
Romania 75.14 71.73 78.60
Chile 81.16 78.84 83.41
Kazakhstan 70.36 66.58 73.90
Chad 53.68 52.01 55.41
Ecuador 78.08 75.51 80.65
Somalia 57.35 55.32 59.47
Guatemala 70.15 67.26 73.09
Senegal 69.31 66.71 71.75
Netherlands 82.58 81.10 84.02
Cambodia 71.46 69.09 73.75
Zimbabwe 61.92 59.18 64.32
Guinea 59.55 58.18 60.83
Rwanda 67.35 65.02 69.49
Benin 60.45 58.77 62.16
Burundi 62.50 60.54 64.45
Tunisia 76.94 73.86 80.18
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 68.78 66.20 71.46
Haiti 64.75 61.81 67.82
Belgium 82.46 80.36 84.50
Jordan 75.02 72.91 77.46
Dominican Republic 74.36 71.24 77.72
Cuba 78.33 75.97 80.73
South Sudan 56.51 54.99 57.97
Sweden 83.65 82.08 85.22
Honduras 73.47 71.03 76.02
Czechia 79.82 77.02 82.58
Azerbaijan 73.61 70.67 76.39
Greece 82.00 79.58 84.44
Papua New Guinea 66.12 63.51 69.34
Portugal 82.42 79.53 85.06
Hungary 77.09 73.76 80.27
Tajikistan 71.43 69.30 73.69
United Arab Emirates 80.46 79.02 82.57
Belarus 75.03 69.81 79.98
Israel 83.39 81.59 85.10
Togo 61.82 61.14 62.49
Austria 82.57 80.35 84.72
Switzerland 84.38 82.63 86.05
Sierra Leone 60.79 59.46 62.11
Lao People's Democratic Republic 69.27 67.19 71.46
China, Hong Kong SAR 85.83 83.00 88.66
Serbia 75.21 72.30 78.02
Nicaragua 74.80 71.79 77.74
Libya 73.25 70.23 76.54
Paraguay 74.10 71.37 76.96
Kyrgyzstan 71.16 66.88 75.50
Bulgaria 72.84 69.55 76.37
Turkmenistan 69.54 66.03 73.07
El Salvador 73.38 68.88 77.55
Democratic Republic of the Congo 63.26 61.69 64.86
Singapore 84.27 82.13 86.42
Denmark 82.03 80.14 83.92
Slovakia 78.36 75.04 81.59
Central African Republic 55.48 53.38 57.68
Finland 82.51 80.01 85.00
Norway 83.55 81.91 85.17
Liberia 62.04 60.73 63.34
State of Palestine 74.28 71.91 76.67
Lebanon 76.07 73.96 78.09
New Zealand 83.15 81.43 84.84
Costa Rica 80.26 77.92 82.66
Ireland 82.87 81.21 84.54
Mauritania 65.48 63.64 67.33
Oman 78.97 77.45 80.77
Panama 78.56 75.62 81.59
Kuwait 80.45 79.09 82.91
Croatia 79.40 76.61 82.14
Eritrea 67.32 65.17 69.40
Georgia 72.43 67.56 77.24
Mongolia 72.94 68.36 77.62
Moldova 69.51 65.05 74.21
Uruguay 78.16 74.34 81.82
Puerto Rico 79.94 75.83 84.04
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.18 74.05 78.30
Albania 78.06 75.83 80.54
Jamaica 72.37 70.14 74.60
Armenia 76.23 71.16 80.36
Gambia 64.12 62.62 65.63
Lithuania 76.85 72.35 81.16
Qatar 81.73 80.81 83.25
Botswana 66.05 63.45 68.56
Namibia 59.53 55.98 63.13
Gabon 66.16 63.87 68.76
Lesotho 54.91 52.12 57.82
Guinea-Bissau 60.56 58.38 62.62
Slovenia 82.31 79.86 84.75
North Macedonia 75.26 73.10 77.47
Latvia 76.06 71.66 80.20
Equatorial Guinea 61.97 60.23 64.01
Kosovo (under UNSC res. 1244) 79.68 77.38 81.88
Trinidad and Tobago 74.87 71.48 78.31
Bahrain 80.69 79.68 81.92
Timor-Leste 69.31 67.67 71.09
Estonia 79.31 75.20 83.11
Mauritius 75.69 72.77 78.73
Cyprus 82.05 80.26 83.81
Eswatini 57.71 53.97 61.86
Djibouti 63.71 61.22 66.30
Reunion 82.78 79.95 85.52
Fiji 68.45 66.57 70.41
Comoros 65.04 62.91 67.35
Guyana 69.80 66.36 73.33
Bhutan 72.49 70.80 74.45
Solomon Islands 70.86 69.38 72.51
Macau 85.51 82.88 88.11
Luxembourg 82.74 80.64 84.89
Montenegro 77.78 74.61 80.82
Suriname 72.79 69.42 76.25
Cabo Verde 76.93 72.57 80.90
Western Sahara 71.19 69.51 73.34
Malta 83.85 81.81 85.83
Maldives 81.07 80.30 82.06
Brunei Darussalam 74.54 72.49 76.78
Bahamas 74.49 70.89 77.97
Belize 74.62 71.70 77.89
Guadeloupe 83.33 79.68 86.43
Iceland 82.96 81.55 84.41
Martinique 83.45 80.44 86.09
Mayotte 78.01 74.73 81.46
Vanuatu 70.69 68.48 73.27
French Guiana 77.63 74.94 80.48
French Polynesia 83.70 81.49 86.09
New Caledonia 81.18 77.75 84.74
Barbados 77.86 75.83 79.74
Sao Tome and Principe 68.89 66.13 72.04
Samoa 72.75 70.28 75.50
Curacao 76.82 72.88 80.42
Saint Lucia 74.12 70.74 77.68
Guam 78.52 75.06 82.20
Kiribati 67.83 65.88 69.59
Grenada 75.49 72.74 78.45
Micronesia (Fed. States of) 71.32 67.72 75.18
Jersey 81.43 79.20 83.64
Tonga 71.41 68.68 74.28
Seychelles 75.00 71.31 79.36
Aruba 76.90 73.95 79.62
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 70.28 67.92 73.08
United States Virgin Islands 76.00 70.72 81.69
Antigua and Barbuda 79.42 76.71 81.80
Isle of Man 81.28 79.47 83.10
Andorra 83.71 81.60 85.97
Dominica 74.20 70.95 77.78
Cayman Islands 75.72 73.39 78.29
Bermuda 81.75 78.65 84.64
Guernsey 82.94 81.26 84.58
Greenland 72.72 70.23 76.09
Faroe Islands 79.07 77.49 80.86
Northern Mariana Islands 77.61 75.99 79.60
Saint Kitts and Nevis 72.18 68.81 75.82
Turks and Caicos Islands 76.06 73.32 79.04
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 76.02 73.12 79.32
American Samoa 72.87 70.12 75.70
Marshall Islands 65.28 63.65 67.25
Liechtenstein 84.77 83.16 86.23
Monaco 87.01 85.17 88.99
San Marino 83.58 82.21 84.85
Gibraltar 83.00 81.13 84.85
Saint Martin (French part) 80.76 77.72 83.79
British Virgin Islands 76.54 73.80 79.41
Caribbean Netherlands 77.08 74.85 79.81
Palau 65.54 62.36 69.50
Cook Islands 75.34 71.64 79.19
Anguilla 77.64 74.34 81.31
Nauru 64.19 60.67 68.01
Wallis and Futuna Islands 80.15 79.14 81.14
Tuvalu 65.05 61.32 69.57
Saint Barthelemy 80.84 77.83 83.89
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 77.78 74.20 81.82
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 77.38 74.59 81.00
Montserrat 76.01 74.65 77.71
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 79.46 77.58 81.44
Niue 71.33 69.57 73.05
Tokelau 75.49 74.51 76.35
Vatican City 84.16 82.17 86.03